# Scalar Waves

By Tom Bearden

What I call "scalar waves" are pure longitudinal EM waves (LW). Per a nice paper by R. Ziolkowski, whenever an EM wave starts to form, both the transverse and longitudinal waves start to form. However, the transverse wave has a function, which cancels the longitudinal wave. So if that function persists, we get the familiar EM wave. Now when we cancel the normal wave, we cancel the component that had cancelled the LW. So we get out a LW.

A normal old EM wave is comprised of photons (or so we can consider it, if we wish). Now a photon is a piece of angular momentum. So it's a piece of energy welded to a piece of time, with no seam in the middle, so to speak.

What the "pieces of energy" represents, in the dynamic oscillating wave, is a dynamic oscillation of the energy density of 3-space. Now here physics does an odd thing. It just ignores the dynamics of all those "time pieces". In other words, not only is the spatial energy structured and dynamic, but so is the flow of time (I discovered the mechanism that generates the flow of time when I was at grad school at Georgia Tech). Physicists just visualize the "observer time" flowing smoothly, and ignore the fact that the EM wave carries time dynamics as well as energy dynamics.

When you make what is CALLED a transverse wave you ignore (or have a component that cancels) that time-density variation. That is a normal transverse wave; considered as an oscillation of the energy density of three-dimensional space, with a structureless, free-flowing time stream.

When you make a longitudinal wave, by definition it cannot vary the energy density in 3-space. That is fixed. So it can only vary the time-density dynamics. In other words, a longitudinal EM wave is a time-density oscillation. That is, it oscillates the rate of flow of time itself, about some steady median value.

We cannot measure time; we see that as a spatial change. So we observe it as a velocity-modulated wave. It seems to be increasing and decreasing its speed about some median speed. That's what I have been calling a scalar EM wave. It is now recognized in the literature.

A pure longitudinal EM wave has infinite energy and infinite velocity. We don't make those. Instead, we make a pseudo-longitudinal wave; i.e., a "pretty good" longitudinal wave that still has some low-level transverse component.

A pseudo-longitudinal EM wave has finite energy and finite velocity, but its velocity may be less than or greater than the velocity of light in free space. When it's subliminal, it's called an "EM particle". Nimtz and his colleagues have also transmitted Mozart's 40th symphony down a waveguide at speed 4.7c, and clearly listened to it on the other end. This blows the tar out of the old saw that "information cannot be transmitted superluminally". In fact, quantum tunneling has been known to permit superluminal communication, for some decades.

When Maxwell wrote his theory, everyone (all 35 or so of the good electrodynamicists; that's all there were!) assumed the material aether (a material fluid filling all space). In other words, they thought that there was no place in all the universe that was devoid of mass. Period. So all the EM entities are DEFINED as mass entities: Electrodynamicists today do not actually have anything to say – anything at all! – about the form of EM entities in mass-free space. Even the scalar potential's magnitude at a point is defined as the energy in joules collected upon an intercepting point Coulomb at that point. In other words, they have confused the magnitude of the water-collected in/on a standard bucket from a raging river, as the magnitude of the water in the river at the dipping point! The scalar potential itself isn't even a scalar entity! It's a multiwave, multivector entity. It's a bunch of bi-directional rivers of EM energy, flowing in both directions at once. Of course, how much of that flow is diverged by (collected upon) an intercepting Coulomb, is a scalar value! But that has nothing to do with the magnitude of the potential itself, just the magnitude of how much is dipped from it by a standard bucket.

So EM theory is thoroughly and seriously flawed, from the ground up.

Now let's see what happens when you transmit and receive a signal (simplest case).

First, in the transmitter you perturb the Drude electron gas, which being embedded in a violent interaction with the active vacuum, perturbs the active vacuum. In other words, the mass perturbations in turn perturb the spacetime. Then that SPACETIME perturbation propagates to the receiver, where it interacts with the waiting Drude electrons, perturbing the Drude gas (the mass).

Rigorously, we have a MASS-TO-SPACETIME TRANSFORM, followed by a SPACETIME-TO-MASS TRANSFORM. Neither of those appears in electrodynamics.

Instead, by assuming the material there in the space, Maxwell and others assumed a MASS-TO-MASS TRANSFORM (INTERACTION). As we saw, what he wrote actually consists of two hidden transforms, the mass-to-ST transform and the ST-to-mass transform, in serial order.

The vacuum/spacetime is just a big old scalar potential (an active virtual particle flux, and a very intense one). It is comprised of longitudinal EM wave pairs, by Whittaker 1903. By Whittaker 1904, those vacuum perturbations (spacetime perturbations) are just two potential functions – each of which is just LW functions. So the entire thing in the vacuum is just a bundle of LW functions.

Now here's the giant leap in physics, a real revolution! We always told you that scalar waves were electrogravitational. And so they are.

Look at the two "hidden transforms" that are really involved. Well, they are nothing but just Wheeler's general relativity principle! In short, "mass interacts upon spacetime to curve it, and curved spacetime interacts back upon mass to move it or form forces.

So INFOLDED INSIDE MAXWELLIAN ELECTRODYNAMICS HAS ALWAYS BEEN FULL GENERAL RELATIVITY! But a really marvelous GR.

Between two electrons, the E-force is on the order of 1042 times as strong as the weak G-force. So since the EM force is used in this case as the agent of ST curvature, this is a far, far more powerful GR force and ST curvature than is made by the weak little G-force that the astrophysicists mostly track, and have to go to the stars, lots of cumulated mass, etc. in order to get enough ST curvature to measure. For that reason, gravitation has remained a non-laboratory science.

By making the proper assembly of LWs, we can alter spacetime directly, and powerfully, because we are using a far, far larger ST curvature force than the physicists now ordinarily use. And we can engineer it on the bench, or in devices.

Think of any effect on matter that you desire. Anything at all. In GR terms, that effect requires the formation of "vacuum engines" or "spacetime engines", -- i.e., inter-nested clusters of ST curvature. Those vacuum engines/spacetime engines are precisely what can be built by assembling and using longitudinal EM waves.

I'm in process of filing a long tech paper to the U.S. patent office, followed by several patent applications. Want to transmute elements? Just flip one quark in one nucleon, and bingo! You have an isomer (either one element up the chain, or down it). You can make multiple jumps, etc.

In cold fusion, e.g., what is REALLY going on is the inadvertent formation of such ST engines. Now time waves are not shieldable by Faraday cages. So they go right through the electron shells, into the atomic nuclei. Get the picture? Now you can put specialized EM-GR fingers right down into the nucleons, etc. Since there are lots of H ions, H3O ions, etc. in a liquid, the possibilities for "nuclear engineering" with determinism rather than staid old random statistics, is breathtaking. Those fellows are getting lots of new nuclides, without yet controlling the basic action, which is electro-nuclear, but in the new sense I just described.

So, if you'll just substitute the more modern term "longitudinal EM wave" for the term "scalar wave", and realize that you are in an engineerable electro-gravitational theory, you will have it in a nutshell.

*NEW ENERGY NEWS, July 1998*What I call "scalar waves" are pure longitudinal EM waves (LW). Per a nice paper by R. Ziolkowski, whenever an EM wave starts to form, both the transverse and longitudinal waves start to form. However, the transverse wave has a function, which cancels the longitudinal wave. So if that function persists, we get the familiar EM wave. Now when we cancel the normal wave, we cancel the component that had cancelled the LW. So we get out a LW.

A normal old EM wave is comprised of photons (or so we can consider it, if we wish). Now a photon is a piece of angular momentum. So it's a piece of energy welded to a piece of time, with no seam in the middle, so to speak.

What the "pieces of energy" represents, in the dynamic oscillating wave, is a dynamic oscillation of the energy density of 3-space. Now here physics does an odd thing. It just ignores the dynamics of all those "time pieces". In other words, not only is the spatial energy structured and dynamic, but so is the flow of time (I discovered the mechanism that generates the flow of time when I was at grad school at Georgia Tech). Physicists just visualize the "observer time" flowing smoothly, and ignore the fact that the EM wave carries time dynamics as well as energy dynamics.

When you make what is CALLED a transverse wave you ignore (or have a component that cancels) that time-density variation. That is a normal transverse wave; considered as an oscillation of the energy density of three-dimensional space, with a structureless, free-flowing time stream.

When you make a longitudinal wave, by definition it cannot vary the energy density in 3-space. That is fixed. So it can only vary the time-density dynamics. In other words, a longitudinal EM wave is a time-density oscillation. That is, it oscillates the rate of flow of time itself, about some steady median value.

We cannot measure time; we see that as a spatial change. So we observe it as a velocity-modulated wave. It seems to be increasing and decreasing its speed about some median speed. That's what I have been calling a scalar EM wave. It is now recognized in the literature.

A pure longitudinal EM wave has infinite energy and infinite velocity. We don't make those. Instead, we make a pseudo-longitudinal wave; i.e., a "pretty good" longitudinal wave that still has some low-level transverse component.

A pseudo-longitudinal EM wave has finite energy and finite velocity, but its velocity may be less than or greater than the velocity of light in free space. When it's subliminal, it's called an "EM particle". Nimtz and his colleagues have also transmitted Mozart's 40th symphony down a waveguide at speed 4.7c, and clearly listened to it on the other end. This blows the tar out of the old saw that "information cannot be transmitted superluminally". In fact, quantum tunneling has been known to permit superluminal communication, for some decades.

When Maxwell wrote his theory, everyone (all 35 or so of the good electrodynamicists; that's all there were!) assumed the material aether (a material fluid filling all space). In other words, they thought that there was no place in all the universe that was devoid of mass. Period. So all the EM entities are DEFINED as mass entities: Electrodynamicists today do not actually have anything to say – anything at all! – about the form of EM entities in mass-free space. Even the scalar potential's magnitude at a point is defined as the energy in joules collected upon an intercepting point Coulomb at that point. In other words, they have confused the magnitude of the water-collected in/on a standard bucket from a raging river, as the magnitude of the water in the river at the dipping point! The scalar potential itself isn't even a scalar entity! It's a multiwave, multivector entity. It's a bunch of bi-directional rivers of EM energy, flowing in both directions at once. Of course, how much of that flow is diverged by (collected upon) an intercepting Coulomb, is a scalar value! But that has nothing to do with the magnitude of the potential itself, just the magnitude of how much is dipped from it by a standard bucket.

So EM theory is thoroughly and seriously flawed, from the ground up.

Now let's see what happens when you transmit and receive a signal (simplest case).

First, in the transmitter you perturb the Drude electron gas, which being embedded in a violent interaction with the active vacuum, perturbs the active vacuum. In other words, the mass perturbations in turn perturb the spacetime. Then that SPACETIME perturbation propagates to the receiver, where it interacts with the waiting Drude electrons, perturbing the Drude gas (the mass).

Rigorously, we have a MASS-TO-SPACETIME TRANSFORM, followed by a SPACETIME-TO-MASS TRANSFORM. Neither of those appears in electrodynamics.

Instead, by assuming the material there in the space, Maxwell and others assumed a MASS-TO-MASS TRANSFORM (INTERACTION). As we saw, what he wrote actually consists of two hidden transforms, the mass-to-ST transform and the ST-to-mass transform, in serial order.

The vacuum/spacetime is just a big old scalar potential (an active virtual particle flux, and a very intense one). It is comprised of longitudinal EM wave pairs, by Whittaker 1903. By Whittaker 1904, those vacuum perturbations (spacetime perturbations) are just two potential functions – each of which is just LW functions. So the entire thing in the vacuum is just a bundle of LW functions.

Now here's the giant leap in physics, a real revolution! We always told you that scalar waves were electrogravitational. And so they are.

Look at the two "hidden transforms" that are really involved. Well, they are nothing but just Wheeler's general relativity principle! In short, "mass interacts upon spacetime to curve it, and curved spacetime interacts back upon mass to move it or form forces.

So INFOLDED INSIDE MAXWELLIAN ELECTRODYNAMICS HAS ALWAYS BEEN FULL GENERAL RELATIVITY! But a really marvelous GR.

Between two electrons, the E-force is on the order of 1042 times as strong as the weak G-force. So since the EM force is used in this case as the agent of ST curvature, this is a far, far more powerful GR force and ST curvature than is made by the weak little G-force that the astrophysicists mostly track, and have to go to the stars, lots of cumulated mass, etc. in order to get enough ST curvature to measure. For that reason, gravitation has remained a non-laboratory science.

By making the proper assembly of LWs, we can alter spacetime directly, and powerfully, because we are using a far, far larger ST curvature force than the physicists now ordinarily use. And we can engineer it on the bench, or in devices.

Think of any effect on matter that you desire. Anything at all. In GR terms, that effect requires the formation of "vacuum engines" or "spacetime engines", -- i.e., inter-nested clusters of ST curvature. Those vacuum engines/spacetime engines are precisely what can be built by assembling and using longitudinal EM waves.

I'm in process of filing a long tech paper to the U.S. patent office, followed by several patent applications. Want to transmute elements? Just flip one quark in one nucleon, and bingo! You have an isomer (either one element up the chain, or down it). You can make multiple jumps, etc.

In cold fusion, e.g., what is REALLY going on is the inadvertent formation of such ST engines. Now time waves are not shieldable by Faraday cages. So they go right through the electron shells, into the atomic nuclei. Get the picture? Now you can put specialized EM-GR fingers right down into the nucleons, etc. Since there are lots of H ions, H3O ions, etc. in a liquid, the possibilities for "nuclear engineering" with determinism rather than staid old random statistics, is breathtaking. Those fellows are getting lots of new nuclides, without yet controlling the basic action, which is electro-nuclear, but in the new sense I just described.

So, if you'll just substitute the more modern term "longitudinal EM wave" for the term "scalar wave", and realize that you are in an engineerable electro-gravitational theory, you will have it in a nutshell.